Coronary angiography is basically a type of procedure that uses x-ray images to keep a watch on how blood is flowing in the arteries of the heart and blood vessels. It is basically done along with cardiac cauterization which gives detailed information about the variety of functions of the heart and blood vessels.

To create an x-ray image the doctor injects a special thin flexible tube called a catheter. This tube basically helps to make the blood flow inside the heart. The dye highlights in the x-ray images to know the blocked or narrowed arteries in the heart. A blocked artery is very dangerous and leads to some dangerous problems of heart attack and heart failure.

Coronary angiography is one of the best methods for diagnosing various types of heart diseases. Especially in the case when Best cardiologist in Indore found a blocked or fatty substance in your arteries that stops the supply of blood flow.

When it is needed to do coronary angiography?

  • When the supply of blood is blocked after a heart attack.
  • The treadmill test or stress test is not normal.
  • When you are feeling recently the chest pain or irregular heartbeats.
  • In the case of unusual chest discomfort or shortness of breath.

Peripheral angiography is a test used to check the blockage of the arteries and this test helps the doctor to find the supply of blood in one or more arteries to the legs, feeds, and arms.

Peripheral angioplasty is a procedure that helps to open the narrowed or blocked arteries of the arms or legs. A balloon is pressed inside the wall of the artery to open the arteries and improve the flow of blood.

A Trans thoracic echocardiography gives you an overall view of your heart health by moving a small instrument called a transducer and this transducer records the sound wave echoes from your heart.

Coronary angioplasty is also called a percutaneous coronary intervention procedure. Angioplasty is not a major surgery it is a procedure in which a Best Cardiac Surgeon in Indore inserts a thin flexible tube called a catheter will be injected into one of your arteries that will clean the blocked blood vessels that supply blood to the heart.

However, many types of procedures of angioplasty also involve inserting a short thin wire mesh tube which is called a stent. This procedure helps the doctor to remove the fatty substance or blood clot inside the arteries to increase the flow of blood. If the flow of the blood is restricted it can lead to some serious problems such as chest pain, stroke, and shortness of breath. The procedure of coronary angioplasty with stent placement is usually done by the doctor in the case of emergencies such as heart attack or heart failure.

Benefits of coronary angioplasty

After the procedure of coronary angioplasty, the flow of blood improves after angioplasty and the patients get instant relief from the symptoms. This procedure also helps to diagnose your heart attack not only for today but also decreases the chances of occurring another heart disease such as heart attack, or heart failure in the future.

A permanent pacemaker is basically a device that is placed in your body that helps the heart to beat in a regular rhythm and prevents you from diseases that can be dangerous for you.

The implantable cardioverter defibrillator is sometimes known as a shock box or an automated internal cardiac defibrillator (AICD).

ICD is a cutting-edge device that precisely addresses arrhythmias of ventricular origin, such as ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. It is now the first line of defense for patients who are at high risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD), and it has consistently improved survival in people who have survived cardiac arrest (SCA), have heart failure, and have severe systolic dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction, or LVEF, less than or equal to 35 percent), as well as in people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).

Best Cardiologist Indore says ICD is essentially a pacemaker with the ability to detect abnormally fast cardiac rhythm and deliver an immediate treatment. This treatment may take the form of synchronized or asynchronous shock therapy depending on the recognized rhythm and the pre-programmed rhythm detection algorithm or overdrive pacing known as anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP). One that is paired with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT-D), which is effectively a bi-ventricular device with leads in the right atrium (RA), right ventricle (RV), and coronary sinus (CS) lead, is available in addition to the single lead or single chamber device. The CS lead is also known as the LV leads due to its proximity.

The subcutaneous device (S-ICD), which utilizes subcutaneous leads rather than intra-cardiac leads, was given FDA approval in 2012. Wearable defibrillators (WCD) have also recently been made available for short-term use.

Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT-D) involves implanting a device in the chest to arrange and efficiently cause the heart’s chambers to squeeze.

Biventricular pacemakers, also known as cardiac resynchronization devices, are used in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) to provide electrical signals to both of the heart’s bottom chambers (right and left ventricles). The signals cause the ventricles to contract more precisely, which enhances the heart’s ability to pump blood.

In some cases, the device also includes an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), which can shock the patient’s heart back to a normal rhythm if it starts to beat dangerously irregularly.

Patients with heart failure whose lower heart chambers (ventricles) don’t contract in unison can receive treatment with cardiac resynchronization therapy. It is widely used for patients with left bundle branch block, a condition that causes heart failure, as well as for those whose low heart rates make cardiac pacing likely to be necessary.

The Top Cardiologist in Indore says your heart muscle is weaker if you have heart failure, which may prevent it from pumping out enough blood to sustain your body. If the chambers of your heart aren’t beating in unison, this could get worse.

Cardiac resynchronization therapy may lessen the signs and symptoms of heart failure as well as the danger of fatal consequences.

Medication may be used to treat valve stenosis symptoms if they are minor. A balloon valvotomy or surgical valve repair or replacement is done when drugs fail to treat symptoms.

The narrowed valve is successfully opened via balloon valvotomy, which also enhances the heart’s general performance. Surgery may be used to replace or repair a valve if balloon valvotomy is not a possibility. To separate fused valve leaflets, stitch torn leaflets, or restructure a portion of the valve, valve repair may be done. For valves that can no longer be repaired, valve replacement (removing the old valve and replacing it with a mechanical or biological valve) is the only option.

Although balloon valvotomy is a surgery that may help with some valve disease symptoms, it cannot treat the condition. Even after successful treatment, some individuals could still require medication.

You will need to keep visiting your heart specialist frequently after the treatment to check sure your heart valves are functioning properly. Changes to lifestyle factors that can exacerbate valve disease may also be necessary. After the operation, an exercise regimen may be suggested to optimize your heart health.

Inform your doctors, dentists, and other healthcare professionals that you have valve disease so that antibiotics can be provided before you undertake any operation that could cause bleeding to prevent further harm to your heart valves. Additionally, look after your teeth and gums.

A hole in the heart is a type of congenital heart abnormality known as a Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) or an Atrial Septal Defect in medical jargon (ASD). A wall between the heart’s ventricles, which serve as its primary pumping chambers, is improperly opened in a condition known as a ventricular septal defect (VSD). Additionally, there is a gap in the wall between the two upper chambers of the heart, which is known as an atrial septal defect (ASD) (the atria). Congenital means that it was there at birth.

Many deaths connected to defects are caused by cardiac defects. But when survival rates rise as a result of medical advances, these deaths are sharply falling. As many ASDs disappear on their own throughout the first year after delivery. But there are different approaches depending on whether the patient is an adult or a child.

Every disease calls for a specific course of action, including steps to close the hole in the heart.

Catheter Technique:

Under the influence of anesthesia, a catheter is inserted into the groin vein and threaded up toward the septum during this surgery. The opening between the heart’s atria is then sealed by the catheter pushing out two tiny discs that are linked to it. The development of normal tissues around takes six months.

Surgery: During this surgery, a chest incision is made, and a specific patch is used to cover the hole.

Children who have received treatment for this disease should follow up with their doctor on a frequent basis to monitor their health. Adults who have received this treatment should adhere to the instructions provided by their doctor before getting back to their regular routines. Exercise is beneficial to keep you and your heart healthy if it is advised by your best cardiologist and follows the recommended protocols.

Treatment of heart holes can be done without surgery and if a child is diagnosed with the same disease called atrial septal defect, a heart specialist may want to monitor it for a while to see if the hole closes on its own.

Cardiac catheterization, pronounced “Kath-uh-tur-ih-ZAY-shun,” is a treatment used to detect or treat certain heart diseases such as clogged arteries or irregular heartbeats by guiding a thin, flexible tube (catheter) through a blood vessel to the heart. Doctors can learn vital details about the heart’s blood arteries, heart valves, and muscles through cardiac catheterization.

Doctors can perform a variety of heart tests, provide treatments, or remove a sample of heart tissue for close study during cardiac catheterization. Cardiac catheterization is used during some heart disease therapies, including coronary angioplasty and coronary stenting.

In most cases, you’ll be awake throughout a cardiac catheterization, but you’ll also get some sedatives. Cardiac catheterization has a short recovery period and a low risk of complications.

A frequent procedure used to identify or treat a range of heart conditions is cardiac catheterization. For instance, if you experience arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), angina (chest discomfort), or cardiac valve issues, your doctor might advise this operation.

Your physician should explain the findings to you if a cardiac catheterization was performed to identify a heart issue.

In order to prevent the need for further catheterization procedures, your doctor may treat any blockages discovered during cardiac catheterization immediately, either with or without the installation of a stent. Before the procedure starts, your doctor should go over whether this is a possibility.

A temporary pacemaker is used in patients for a temporary purpose when there is a change in heart rate during surgery, heart attack, or other issues.

A stress treadmill test is also known as an exercise test that is used to determine how the heart works during physical activity. This test allows your doctor to see the abnormal heart rhythms and how the blood is flowing into the heart.

A big part of the population of our country today is facing the problem of a heart attack no matter what is the age of the person. This disease is being faced by everyone that’s why heart bypass surgery is the need of the hour it is suggested by your doctor when your coronary arteries become so narrowed or blocked and sufficient blood does not reach your heart and you are at a high risk of a heart attack.

Heart bypass surgery is a matter of seriousness but we don’t need to be hyper it is safe because surgeons perform thousands of surgeries every year and they have the expertise in that particular field. And those persons who have the surgery they get relief also from their problem. So, don’t fear bypass surgery because as much as you will delay more complications will be there.

What happens in Heart bypass surgery

With the help of heart bypass surgery, a new route is created which is called bypass through which blood and oxygen reach your heart.

The Procedure for Heart bypass surgery

When surgery is started anesthesia is given to you and from that, you get unconscious and pain-free surgery once you are unconscious the heart specialist makes a surgical cut of 8 to 10 inches in the middle of your chest. Your breastbone will be separated to create an opening and by doing that your surgeon will be able to see your heart and aorta, the main blood vessel leading from the heart to the rest of your body.

Heart valve replacement surgery is done when your valve does not work properly or is damaged. In this case, the Best Cardiologist replaces or repaired it and there are types of Valve Replacement done like Aortic Valve Replacement, Surgery Double Valve Replacement, Pulmonary Valve Replacement, and Mitral Valve Replacement. The reasons for heart valve replacement like High blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obstructing the flow of blood leaky valves, and other heart disease risk factors.

In this procedure, you will be placed on a bypass machine through which blood circulates in your body during surgery. General anesthesia is given and the surgeon will separate the chest and open your rib cage so that they can start the operation on your heart. And removes the damaged valve successfully with a new one.